SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS / A SUSTAINABLE CHOICE

Sourcing sustainable materials is challenging. it is still a new direction, less straightforward than conventional materials, and oftens dependent on the drive of passionate inventors .

Dedicated developers who see the problems caused by the fashion industry and try to do better, try to think different – not only thinking organic solutions but also seeing the value of reusing waste or developing new sustainable methods of processing raw material.

We, at Eksempel, see our sourcing of sustainable materials as work in progress, we can always do better and we are driven by a curiosity and passion of about finding the most sustainable choice.

There are a lot of different opinions and myths on what sustainable is;

one fabric can be produced by the strictest rules, but still have a high impact on the environment, a raw material can be easy to grow but very toxic to process. It is a constant evaluation of costs for the environment, the qualities of the fabric and in a dialogue with our customers.

Visiting fairs to seek out new suppliers, using our network to share knowledge, doing seminars and seeking information about the development within sustainability, we are constantly in dialogue with our suppliers and discussing the impact of the choices we make.

 

 

 

Supplier list

See the contact information of our supplier of fabric and trim.

UNDERSTAND:

The Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) is the worldwide leading textile processing standard for organic fibres, including ecological and social criteria, backed up by independent certification of the entire textile supply chain.

The GOTS certification covers the processing of organic fibers along the entire supply chain from manufacturing, packaging, labelling, trading and distribution of all textiles made from at least 70/95 % certified organic natural fibres, depending on the Label-grades:

Label-grade 1: ‚organic‘
≥ 95% certified organic fibres, ≤ 5 % non-organic natural or synthetic fibres

Label-grade 2: ‚made with X% organic‘
≥ 70% certified organic fibres, ≤ 30 % non organic fibres, but a maximum of 10% synthetic fibres.

The aim of the standard is to ensure the textiles are made using raw organic materials and environmentally and socially responsible methods.

Environmental Criteria

/ At all stages through the processing organic fibre products must be separated from conventional fibre products and must to be clearly identified

/ All chemical inputs (e.g. dyes, auxiliaries and process chemicals) must be evaluated and meeting basic requirements on toxicity and biodegradability/eliminability

/ Prohibition of critical inputs such as toxic heavy metals, formaldehyde, aromatic solvents, functional nano particles, genetically modified organisms (GMO) and their enzymes

/ The use of synthetic sizing agents is restricted; knitting and weaving oils must not contain heavy metals

/ Bleaches must be based on oxygen (no chlorine bleaching)

/ Azo dyes that release carcinogenic amine compounds are prohibited

/ Discharge printing methods using aromatic solvents and plastisol printing methods using phthalates and PVC are prohibited

/ Restrictions for accessories (e.g. no PVC, nickel or chrome permitted)

/ All operators must have an environmental policy including target goals and procedures to minimise waste and discharges

/ Wet processing units must keep full records of the use of chemicals, energy, water consumption and waste water treatment, including the disposal of sludge. The waste water from all wet processing units must be treated in a functional waste water treatment plant.

Social Criteria:
GOTS also include Social criteria based on the key norms of the International Labour Organisation (ILO),such as but not limited to :

Employment is freely chosen
C29 - Forced Labour Convention

Working conditions are safe and hygienic
C155 - Occupational Safety and Health Convention

Child labour must not be used
C138 - Minimum Age Convention

Harsh or inhumane treatment is prohibited
C29 - Forced Labour Convention

For more information on this standard please visit the website: www.global-standard.org

Organic fabric means that the raw material has been grown in controlled settings according to strict guidelines with no pesticides, herbicides, or other chemicals. Only natural fertilizers are used and the soil and water are monitored.

A good alternative to the above is to chose GOTS certified, which includes all aspects of the supply chain, from the regulations concerning growing the raw material to processing, manufacturing and work conditions, read more about GOTS above and below.

But to achieve the GOTS certification, all steps of the products chain have to be certified. The silk used on the Organic Silk Blouse is not GOTS certified, although all involved production companies of the silk are GOTS certified (spinning, dyeing, knitting and weaving). Since the dealer chain is not completely certified, the product cannot be offered as "GOTS certified" by Seidentraum. Nevertheless, it is a matter of high-quality organic quality, which guarantees the highest possible standard for ecological and social sustainability.

The Oeko-Tex 100 Standard tells about how the fabric is processed, including things like dyes and finishes. Oeko-Tex textiles and fabrics are certified free of harmful chemicals and are safe for human use, but the fabric is not of organic origin.

OEKO-TEX® is an international association of independent research and testing institutes focused on enhancing both product safety and sustainable production in the textile industry.

For more information on the standard please visit website: www.oeko-tex.com

Recycled fabrics and yarns are made of post consumer or pre consumer waste. Post consumer waste can be your old jeans or your plastic bottles. Or it can be pre consumer waste from manufacturing garments, meaning all the leftovers pieces of fabric from the cutting process.
The waste is sorted by color and re-spun into yarn. The process reduces significantly the impact on the environment by reduced dye pollution, minimum use of virgin material and saves energy and water use.

The Fibre Benchmark compares the environmental impact of the most commonly used fibres in the garment industry, supporting you to shift to more sustainable alternatives.

Organic silk and organic wool has not yet been classified by the "Made-by environmental fibre benchmark" since it is not a commonly used fibre.

The Methodology behind the Benchmark

By looking at the production process of natural and man-made fibres and associated human and environmental impacts, we ranked 28 fibres on six common parameters.

The six parameters have been given different weights in terms of impact. Greenhouse gas emissions human toxicity and eco-toxicity are weighted to 20% each, while energy, water and land use has been given a 13.33% weighting.

Based on these parameters, each fibre was scored and placed into one of five classifications: Class A to Class E. An additional category, ‘Unclassified’, has been added, in which fibres that are not (yet) part of this Benchmark are listed due to a lack of available robust data. Over time, we aim to incorporate these fibres into one of the five defined classes as further information becomes available.

Source: www.made-by.org

ABOUT

 

FILATURA DI POLLONE production is diversified in woolen, open-end and carded ultrafine yarns. Filatura di Pollone is situated in Italy.

For their range of GOTS certified organic wool, they corporate with Furhmann as sub-suppliers of wool tops:

 

PATAGONIA ARGENTINA - Organic Wool Tops

FUHRMANN achieved the GOTS Certification for wool tops in 2010.

The Organic GOTS certification aims at achieving the best possible practice along the productive process. Almost every human activity implies certain pollution but what we pursue with the GOTS certification is to guarantee the minimum possible impact. To better understand the concept some of the examples are; farmers must audit their pastures to prevent erosion and desertification, they must use only veterinary products that are accepted and duly registered, they need to have all workforce registered and under good working conditions, transport of wool from farm to mill and from mill to port needs to be done on a low carbon emission vehicle, the industry involved must use authorized products, ensure a proper water treatment as well as reducing pollution as much as possible. All the labor force involved must comply with the local law, etc.


PATAGONIAN NATURAL FEATURES
The area known as “Patagonia”[1] is by definition the 10th largest desert in the world with a cold, dry and sunny weather throughout the year. This climatic condition acts as a natural deterrent for flies and parasites making it almost unnecessary for farms to require the use of pesticides or Mulesing practices. It also makes farms poor in pastures and sheep graze in very low ratios per square mile. Sheep are gathered only three times per year: once for shearing, once for marking and once for eye skirting. This low population density is an advantage from the moment it prevents the spreading of diseases. All these reasons make it fairly easy for growers to obtain organic certification and organic production has been increasing rapidly in the past years.

 

Argentine wools tops are certified as Organic by GOTS and are certified as Non Mulesed by SENASA.

[1] Area where the great majority of merino wools in Argentina are produced.

 

FILATURES DU PARC, wool yarn made from industrial textile waste. Filatures Du Parc is situated in France.

 

The yarn product is made from recycled fibers. With Filatures Du Parc patented yarn manufacturing process, it is ensured same quality of yarn fibers as virgin yarn. The yarn is made from industrial textile waste. Filatures Du Parc collect knitted waste of panels (pre-consumer waste) from European knitters, meaning cut-off pieces of knitted yarn from cut and sew production. Therefore no polluting dyeing and the process cuts down on water and energy consumption.

Recycled wool has the highest possible classification for fibres (class A) in the Made-by environmental fibre benchmark.
Visit the MADE-by environmental fibre benchmark site: www.made-by.org 

 

SEIDENTRAUM is a wholesale and online shop of organic textiles situated in Germany.  

For their range of organic silk, they corporate with SABA as sub-suppliers of organic silk:

Sichuan Alkena Biodynamic Agriculture

Organic Silk

Produced by SABA in Sechuan/China, Sichuan Alkena Biodynamic Agriculture. The organic silk production meets the requirements for “controlled biological production/husbandry” (kbT). Ecological and social principles are of great importance in the production process.
Quality criteria:
- Bio-dynamic agriculture for the mulberry trees
- No appliance of pesticides
- Manufacturing without heavy metal salts and harmful chemicals
- Fair wages for the workers
In the fabric processing of organic silk (boiling, twisting, weaving and dyeing) only non harmful and environmental safe chemicals, meeting the requirements for “controlled biological production/husbandry” (kbT), are used.

“This fabric has been produced according to one of the most stringent natural textile standards. All production companies are GOTS certified (spinning, dyeing, knitting and weaving). Since the dealer chain is not completely certified, the product can not be offered by us as "GOTS certified". Nevertheless, it is a matter of high-quality organic quality, which guarantees you the highest possible standard for ecological and social sustainability.” Source www.seidentraum.biz

 

Lyocell bamboo has the highest possible classification for regenerated fibres (class B) in the MADE-BY environmental fibre benchmark, and is considered more environmentally friendly than other Lyocell products based on forest trees.
Visit the MADE-BY environmental fibre benchmark site: www.made-by.org 

Bamboo used for this fabric grows naturally in abundance. It’s harvested by hand and carried manually to collection points. The selected bamboo species doesn’t require any irrigation, pesticides or fertilizers and doesn’t repress food production as it thrives in barren soil not suitable for food crops.

The closed loop Lyocell technique significantly reduces water consumption and also eliminates the use of hazardous chemicals by using the organic solvent NMMNO in the production process. This solution is recycled and reused along with the water involved in the process. Thus, there are no residues of harmful chemicals, and the process results in long, strong and durable fibres.
www.expertfibres.com

FILATURA DI POLLONE production is diversified in woolen, open-end and carded ultrafine yarns. Filatura di Pollone is situated in Italy.

For their range of GOTS certified organic wool, they corporate with Furhmann as sub-suppliers of wool tops:

 

PATAGONIA ARGENTINA - Organic Wool Tops

FUHRMANN achieved the GOTS Certification for wool tops in 2010.

The Organic GOTS certification aims at achieving the best possible practice along the productive process. Almost every human activity implies certain pollution but what we pursue with the GOTS certification is to guarantee the minimum possible impact. To better understand the concept some of the examples are; farmers must audit their pastures to prevent erosion and desertification, they must use only veterinary products that are accepted and duly registered, they need to have all workforce registered and under good working conditions, transport of wool from farm to mill and from mill to port needs to be done on a low carbon emission vehicle, the industry involved must use authorized products, ensure a proper water treatment as well as reducing pollution as much as possible. All the labor force involved must comply with the local law, etc.


PATAGONIAN NATURAL FEATURES
The area known as “Patagonia”[1] is by definition the 10th largest desert in the world with a cold, dry and sunny weather throughout the year. This climatic condition acts as a natural deterrent for flies and parasites making it almost unnecessary for farms to require the use of pesticides or Mulesing practices. It also makes farms poor in pastures and sheep graze in very low ratios per square mile. Sheep are gathered only three times per year: once for shearing, once for marking and once for eye skirting. This low population density is an advantage from the moment it prevents the spreading of diseases. All these reasons make it fairly easy for growers to obtain organic certification and organic production has been increasing rapidly in the past years.

 

Argentine wools tops are certified as Organic by GOTS and are certified as Non Mulesed by SENASA.

[1] Area where the great majority of merino wools in Argentina are produced.

 

FILATURES DU PARC, wool yarn made from industrial textile waste. Filatures Du Parc is situated in France.

 

The yarn product is made from recycled fibers. With Filatures Du Parc patented yarn manufacturing process, it is ensured same quality of yarn fibers as virgin yarn. The yarn is made from industrial textile waste. Filatures Du Parc collect knitted panels waste (pre-consumer waste) from European knitters, meaning cut-off pieces of knitted yarn from cut and sew production. Therefore no polluting dyeing and the process cuts down on water and energy consumption.

 

Recycled wool has the highest possible classification for fibres (class A) in the Made-by environmental fibre benchmark.
Visit the MADE-by environmental fibre benchmark site: www.made-by.org 

 

SEIDENTRAUM is a wholesale and online shop of organic textiles situated in Germany.  

For their range of organic silk, they corporate with SABA as sub-suppliers of organic silk:

Sichuan Alkena Biodynamic Agriculture

Organic Silk

Produced by SABA in Sechuan/China, Sichuan Alkena Biodynamic Agriculture. The organic silk production meets the requirements for “controlled biological production/husbandry” (kbT). Ecological and social principles are of great importance in the production process.
Quality criteria:
- Bio-dynamic agriculture for the mulberry trees
- No appliance of pesticides
- Manufacturing without heavy metal salts and harmful chemicals
- Fair wages for the workers
In the fabric processing of organic silk (boiling, twisting, weaving and dyeing) only non harmful and environmental safe chemicals, meeting the requirements for “controlled biological production/husbandry” (kbT), are used.

“This fabric has been produced according to one of the most stringent natural textile standards. All production companies are GOTS certified (spinning, dyeing, knitting and weaving). Since the dealer chain is not completely certified, the product can not be offered by us as "GOTS certified". Nevertheless, it is a matter of high-quality organic quality, which guarantees you the highest possible standard for ecological and social sustainability.” Source www.seidentraum.biz

 

Lyocell bamboo has the highest possible classification for regenerated fibres (class B) in the MADE-BY environmental fibre benchmark, and is considered more environmentally friendly than other Lyocell products based on forest trees.
Visit the MADE-BY environmental fibre benchmark site: www.made-by.org 

Bamboo used for this fabric grows naturally in abundance. It’s harvested by hand and carried manually to collection points. The selected bamboo species doesn’t require any irrigation, pesticides or fertilizers and doesn’t repress food production as it thrives in barren soil not suitable for food crops.

The closed loop Lyocell technique significantly reduces water consumption and also eliminates the use of hazardous chemicals by using the organic solvent NMMNO in the production process. This solution is recycled and reused along with the water involved in the process. Thus, there are no residues of harmful chemicals, and the process results in long, strong and durable fibres.
www.expertfibres.com

SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS / A SUSTAINABLE CHOICE

Sourcing sustainable materials is challenging, it is not as straightforward as with conventional materials, it is still a new direction and it is depending on the drive of passionate inventors.

Dedicated developers who see the problems caused by the fashion industry and trying to do better, trying to think different – not only thinking organic solutions but also seeing the value of reusing waste or developing new sustainable methods of processing raw material.

We, at Eksempel, see our sourcing of sustainable materials as work in progress, we can always do better and we are driven by a curiosity of finding the most sustainable choice.

There are a lot of different opinions and myths on what sustainable is;

one fabric can be produced by the strictest rules, but still have a high impact on the environment, a raw material can be easy to grow but very toxic to process. It is a constant evaluation of cost for the environment, the qualities of the fabric and a dialogue with our customers.

Visiting fairs to seek out new suppliers, using our network to share knowledge, doing seminars and seeking information about the development within sustainability. Constantly in dialogue with our suppliers and discussing the impact of the choices we make.

 

 

Our products

Our products are not certified GOTS or Oeko-Tex 100. If a certification is mentioned, it means that the fabric and or trim is certified.

 

Supplier list

See the contact information of our supplier of fabric and trim.

UNDERSTAND:

The standard covers the processing, manufacturing, packaging, labelling, trading and distribution of all textiles made from at least 70/95 % certified organic natural fibres, depending on the Label-grades:

Label-grade 1: ‚organic‘
≥ 95% certified organic fibres, ≤ 5 % non-organic natural or synthetic fibres

Label-grade 2: ‚made with X% organic‘
≥ 70% certified organic fibres, ≤ 30 % non organic fibres, but a maximum of 10% synthetic fibres.

The aim of the standard is to ensure the textiles are made using raw organic materials and environmentally and socially responsible methods.

Environmental Criteria

/ At all stages through the processing organic fibre products must be separated from conventional fibre products and must to be clearly identified

/ All chemical inputs (e.g. dyes, auxiliaries and process chemicals) must be evaluated and meeting basic requirements on toxicity and biodegradability/eliminability

/ Prohibition of critical inputs such as toxic heavy metals, formaldehyde, aromatic solvents, functional nano particles, genetically modified organisms (GMO) and their enzymes

/ The use of synthetic sizing agents is restricted; knitting and weaving oils must not contain heavy metals

/ Bleaches must be based on oxygen (no chlorine bleaching)

/ Azo dyes that release carcinogenic amine compounds are prohibited

/ Discharge printing methods using aromatic solvents and plastisol printing methods using phthalates and PVC are prohibited

/ Restrictions for accessories (e.g. no PVC, nickel or chrome permitted)

/ All operators must have an environmental policy including target goals and procedures to minimise waste and discharges

/ Wet processing units must keep full records of the use of chemicals, energy, water consumption and waste water treatment, including the disposal of sludge. The waste water from all wet processing units must be treated in a functional waste water treatment plant.

Social Criteria:
GOTS also include Social criteria based on the key norms of the International Labour Organisation (ILO),such as but not limited to :

Employment is freely chosen
C29 - Forced Labour Convention

Working conditions are safe and hygienic
C155 - Occupational Safety and Health Convention

Child labour must not be used
C138 - Minimum Age Convention

Harsh or inhumane treatment is prohibited
C29 - Forced Labour Convention

For more information on this standard please visit the website: www.global-standard.org

Organic fabric means that the raw material has been grown in controlled settings according to strict guidelines with no pesticides, herbicides, or other chemicals. Only natural fertilizers are used and the soil and water are monitored. It does not say anything about the proces of weave and dye.

A good alternative to the above is to chose GOTS certified, which includes all aspects of the supply chain, from the regulations concerning growing the raw material to processing, manufacturing and work conditions, read more about GOTS below.

But to achieve the GOTS certification, all steps of the products chain have to be certified. The silk used on the Organic Silk Blouse is not GOTS certified, although all involved production companies of the silk are GOTS certified (spinning, dyeing, knitting and weaving). Since the dealer chain is not completely certified, the product cannot be offered as "GOTS certified" by Seidentraum. Nevertheless, it is a matter of high-quality organic quality, which guarantees the highest possible standard for ecological and social sustainability.

The Oeko-Tex 100 Standard tells about how the fabric is processed, including things like dyes and finishes. Oeko-Tex textiles and fabrics are certified free of harmful chemicals and are safe for human use, but the fabric is not of organic origin.

OEKO-TEX® is an international association of independent research and testing institutes focused on enhancing both product safety and sustainable production in the textile industry.

For more information on the standard please visit website: www.oeko-tex.com

Recycled fabrics and yarns are made of post consumer or pre consumer waste. Post consumer waste can be your old jeans or your plastic bottles. Or it can be pre consumer waste from manufacturing garments, meaning all the leftovers pieces of fabric from the cutting process.
The waste is sorted by color and re-spun into yarn. The process reduces significantly the impact on the environment by reduced dye pollution, minimum use of virgin material and saves energy and water use.

The Fibre Benchmark compares the environmental impact of the most commonly used fibres in the garment industry, supporting you to shift to more sustainable alternatives.

The Methodology behind the Benchmark

By looking at the production process of natural and man-made fibres and associated human and environmental impacts, we ranked 28 fibres on six common parameters.

The six parameters have been given different weights in terms of impact. Greenhouse gas emissions human toxicity and eco-toxicity are weighted to 20% each, while energy, water and land use has been given a 13.33% weighting.

Based on these parameters, each fibre was scored and placed into one of five classifications: Class A to Class E. An additional category, ‘Unclassified’, has been added, in which fibres that are not (yet) part of this Benchmark are listed due to a lack of available robust data. Over time, we aim to incorporate these fibres into one of the five defined classes as further information becomes available.

Source: www.made-by.org

ABOUT

 

FILATURA DI POLLONE production is diversified in woolen, open-end and carded ultrafine yarns. Filatura di Pollone is situated in Italy.

For their range of GOTS certified organic wool, they corporate with Furhmann as sub-suppliers of wool tops:

 

PATAGONIA ARGENTINA - Organic Wool Tops Communicate

PROLOGUE

Given the growing concern for environmental friendly practices in the textile industry we deem necessary to describe the present scenario for organic wools in Argentina.


HISTORY OF CERTIFICATION

In 1999 our Official Veterinary of National Service of Health and Quality Farm Nourishment (SENASA) settled the basis for the certification of organic products amongst them wool in greasy state. Since then exports of wool tops have been certified as “made from organic wools”. Shortly it came to notice that this certification was not enough and action had to be taken in views of certifying the process as well. All certified firms in the industry worked side by side with SENASA to release a new protocol that could comply with the most demanding standards used worldwide up to date. Not content with these efforts, FUHRMANN worked to obtain the GOTS Certification for wool tops, which was achieved in 2010.

The Organic GOTS certification aims at achieving the best possible practice along the productive process, this is known today as sustainability. Almost every human activity implies certain pollution but what we pursue with the GOTS certification is to guarantee the minimum possible impact. To better understand the concept some of the examples are; farmers must audit their pastures to prevent erosion and desertification, they must use only veterinary products that are accepted and duly registered, they need to have all workforce registered and under good working conditions, transport of wool from farm to mill and from mill to port needs to be done on a low carbon emission vehicle, the industry involved must use authorized products, ensure a proper water treatment as well as reducing pollution as much as possible. All the labor force involved must comply with the local law, etc.


PATAGONIAN NATURAL FEATURES

At this stage a mention has to be made regarding the production of organic wools in Argentina. The area known as “Patagonia”[1] is by definition the 10th largest desert in the world with a cold, dry and sunny weather throughout the year on most of its extension. This climatic condition acts as a natural deterrent for flies and parasites making it almost unnecessary for farms to require the use of pesticides or Mulesing practices. It also makes farms poor in pastures and sheep graze in very low ratios per square mile. Sheep are gathered only three times per year: once for shearing, once for marking and once for eye skirting. This low population density is an advantage from the moment it prevents the spreading of diseases. All these reasons make it fairly easy for growers to obtain organic certification and organic production has been increasing rapidly in the past years.

 

Argentine wools tops are certified as Organic by GOTS and are certified as Non Mulesed by SENASA.

[1] Area where the great majority of merino wools in Argentina are produced.

 

FILATURES DU PARC, wool yarn made from industrial textile waste. Filatures Du Parc is situated in France.

 

The yarn product is made from recycled fibers. With Filatures Du Parc patented yarn manufacturing process, it is ensured same quality of yarn fibers as virgin yarn. The yarn is made from industrial textile waste. Filatures Du Parc collect knitted panels waste (pre-consumer waste) from European knitters, meaning cut-off pieces of knitted yarn from cut and sew production. Therefore no polluting dyeing and the process cuts down on water and energy consumption.

 

Recycled wool has the highest possible classification for fibres (class A) in the Made-by environmental fibre benchmark.
Visit the MADE-by environmental fibre benchmark site: www.made-by.org 

 

SEIDENTRAUM is a wholesale and online shop of organic textiles situated in Germany.  

For their range of organic silk, they corporate with SABA as sub-suppliers of organic silk:

Sichuan Alkena Biodynamic Agriculture

Organic Silk

Produced by SABA in Sechuan/China, Sichuan Alkena Biodynamic Agriculture. The organic silk production meets the requirements for “controlled biological production/husbandry” (kbT). Ecological and social principles are of great importance in the production process.
Quality criteria:
- Bio-dynamic agriculture for the mulberry trees
- No appliance of pesticides
- Manufacturing without heavy metal salts and harmful chemicals
- Fair wages for the workers
In the fabric processing of organic silk (boiling, twisting, weaving and dyeing) only non harmful and environmental safe chemicals, meeting the requirements for “controlled biological production/husbandry” (kbT), are used.

“This fabric has been produced according to one of the most stringent natural textile standards. All production companies are GOTS certified (spinning, dyeing, knitting and weaving). Since the dealer chain is not completely certified, the product can not be offered by us as "GOTS certified". Nevertheless, it is a matter of high-quality organic quality, which guarantees you the highest possible standard for ecological and social sustainability.” Source www.seidentraum.biz

 

Lyocell bamboo has the highest possible classification for regenerated fibres (class B) in the Made-by environmental fibre benchmark, and is considered more environmentally friendly than other lyocell products that are based on forest trees.
Bamboo used for the Expert Fibres fibre, grows naturally in abundance. It is harvested by hand and carried manually to collection points. The selected bamboo species does not require any irrigation, pesticides or fertilizers, and does not repress food production as it thrives in barren soil conditions not suitable for food crops.

The closed loop lyocell technique significantly reduces water consumption and also eliminates the use of hazardous chemicals by using the organic solvent NMMNO in the production process. This solution is recycled and reused, along with the water involved in the process. Thus, there are no residues of harmful chemicals, and the process results in long, strong and durable fibres.